National Priorities Project
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[Last updated March 10, 2014]
The war cost counters running on the Cost of National Security homepage include all of the funding that has been appropriated by Congress for wars in Iraq and Afghanistan through fiscal year 2014. These numbers reflect the allocation of $92.3 billion in January 2014 as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014.
These totals are based on appropriations that provide funding through the end of fiscal year 2014. These figures include both military and non-military spending, such as reconstruction. Spending includes only incremental costs – those additional funds that are expended due to the war. For example, soldiers' regular pay is not included, but combat pay is included. Potential future costs, such as future medical care for soldiers and veterans wounded in the war, are not included. These figures also do not include interest payments on the national debt that will result from higher deficits due to war spending.
These numbers are based on analysis of legislation in which Congress has allocated money for war, as well as research by the Congressional Research Service.
The funds allocated to the war efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq in fiscal year 2014 are found in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 that was signed by the president on Jan. 17, 2014, and became Public Law 113-76. The Consolidated Appropriations Act allocates war funding under the name of Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) appropriations to the Department of Defense (DoD), the Department of State, and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
For fiscal 2014, OCO funding to the DoD totaled $85.1 billion. Of that total, $209 million from U.S. Air Force Operations & Maintenance accounts is authorized to be spent in Iraq for the purpose of funding the Office of Security Cooperation in order to provide training and related assistance to Iraqi security forces. National Priorities Project allocated the remaining $84.958 billion to the war effort in Afghanistan. While only $6.2 billion of that total is explicitly attached to Afghanistan, National Priorities Project has determined that all remaining OCO funds not explicitly designated for another country should be allocated to Afghanistan, given that no other major contingency operations are ongoing.
Department of State OCO funding totaled $6.9 billion for fiscal year 2014. Of that total, National Priorities Project determined that $4.1 billion funded State Department operations in Afghanistan while $2.7 billion funded such operations in Iraq. According to the legislative language in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014, the majority of these State Department OCO funds were not designated toward any country-specific effort. To provide accurate accounting of these undesignated funds, the more detailed Department of State Congressional Budget Justification for fiscal year 2014 was analyzed to determine what percentages of the total OCO requests were related to Iraq and Afghanistan, respectively. On the premise that State Department priorities for fiscal year 2014 operations remained constant between the time that passed between its budget request and appropriations, these percentages were applied to the total OCO funds appropriated to the State Department in order to derive country-specific totals for efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan. In addition, the January 2014 Congressional Research Service report State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations was used a resource. Finally, given that U.S. war-related efforts in Pakistan are an extension of the war in Afghanistan, National Priorities Project considered funds allocated towards Pakistan by the State Department to be part of war costs associated with Afghanistan.
Department of Homeland Security OCO funding totaled $227 million in fiscal 2014. These funds were designated for U.S. Coast Guard contingency operations. While these funds were not designated for any country-specific purpose, National Priorities Project counted them towards efforts in Iraq, which unlike Afghanistan maintains maritime borders.
|Name of Law||Public Law No.||Date Enacted|
|FY2001 Emerg. Supp. Approp. Act for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States||PL 107-38||09/19/01|
|FY2002 Dept. of Defense and Emergency Terrorism Response Act||P.L. 107-117||01/10/02|
|FY2002 Emergency Supplemental||P.L. 107-206||8/2/02|
|FY2002 Regular Foreign Operations||P.L. 107-115||01/10/02|
|FY2003 Consolidated Appropriations||P.L. 108-7||2/20/03|
|FY2003 Emergency Supplemental||P.L. 108-11||4/16/03|
|FY2003 DOD Appropriations||P.L. 107-48||10/23/02|
|FY2004 DOD Appropriations Act||P.L. 108-87||9/30/03|
|FY2004 Emergency Supplemental||P.L. 108-106||11/6/03|
|FY2004 Consolidated Appropriations Act||P.L. 108-199||1/23/04|
|FY2005 DOD Appropriations Act, Titles IX and X||P.L. 108-287||8/5/04|
|FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations||P.L. 109-13||5/11/05|
|FY2005 Consolidated Appropriations Act||P.L. 108-447||12/8/04|
|FY2005 DOD Appropriations Act||P.L. 108-287||8/5/04|
|FY2006 DOD Appropriations Act, Title IX||P.L. 109-148||12/30/05|
|FY2006 Foreign Operations Appropriations||P.L. 109-102||11/14/05|
|FY2006 Science, State, & Rel. Agencies Appropriations Act||P.L. 109-108||11/22/05|
|FY2006 Interior & Rel. Ag. Appropriations||P.L. 109-54||8/2/05|
|FY2006 Military Quality of Life & Veterans Affairs||P.L. 109-114||11/30/05|
|FY2006 Emergency Supplemental||P.L. 109-234||6/14/06|
|FY2007 DOD Appropriations Act, Baseline and Title IX||P.L. 109-289||9/29/06|
|FY2007 Continuing Resolution||P.L. 110-5||2/15/07|
|FY2007 Supplemental Appropriations Act||P.L. 110-28||5/25/07|
|FY2008 Continuing Resolution||P.L. 110-92||9/29/07|
|FY2008 DOD Appropriations Act||P.L. 110-116||11/13/07|
|FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act||P.L. 110-161||12/26/07|
|FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations Act||P.L. 110-252||6/30/08|
|FY2009 Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act||P.L. 110-329||09/30/08|
|FY2009 Supplemental Appropriations Act||P.L. 111-32||06/24/09|
|FY2010 Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act||P.L. 111-83||10/28/09|
|FY2010 Consolidated Appropriations Act||P.L. 111-117||12/16/09|
|FY2010 DOD Appropriations Act||P.L. 111-118||12/16/09|
|FY2010 Supplemental Appropriations Act||P.L. 111-212||07/29/10|
|Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2011||P.L. 112-10||4/15/2011|
|FY11 Defense Department “Overseas Contingency Operations” Tables (submitted for printing in Congressional Record), House Committee on Rules as part of H.R. 1473—Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011||N/A||4/13/2011|
|Conference Report 112-331, to accompany the Fiscal Year 2012 Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 2055)||P.L.112-74||12/17/2011|
|Senate explanitory statements to accompany H.R. 933, Department of Defense, Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013||P.L.113-6||3/26/2013|
|H.R. 993, Defense (Division C)||P.L.113-6||3/26/2013|
|H.R. 993, Homeland Security (Division D)||P.L.113-6||3/26/2013|
|H.R. 993, Military Construction, Veterans Affairs (Division E)||P.L.113-6||3/26/2013|
|U.S. Department of State FY2014 Budget Request, Executive Budget Summary – Function 150 and Other International Programs||N/A||4/10/2013|
|CRS: State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations||N/A||1/16/14|
|Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014||P.L.113-76||1/17/14|